Global Peace Index 2011: Oman Drops 18 Spots (from 23rd) to 41st “Most Peaceful Country”

Today, May 25th, the 2011 full GPI (Global Peace Index) is out and available to the public.  Some interesting points about GPI 2011:

  • Military expenditure is the most improved indicator in 2011
  • Impact of “Arab Spring” on peacefulness of countries in region is dramatic
  • “Bailout” countries plummet on the index
  • Western Europe retains position as world’s most peaceful region
  • Libya tumbles the largest ever fall in GPI’s history followed by Bahrain
  • Iraq is no longer the world’s least peaceful nation
  • The world is less peaceful for the 3rd year in a row
  • Increased threat of terrorist attacks in 39 countries
  • A greater likelihood of violent demonstrations in 33 countries
  • Iceland bounces back from economic woes to top ranking
  • Somalia deplaces Iraq as world’s least peaceful nation
  • The Czech Republic moved into the top 10 (5th place) for the first time
  • The 5 most peaceful nations of 2011 are: 1) Iceland, 2) New Zealand, 3) Japan, 4) Denmark and 5) The Czech Republic
  • Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region least at peace, containing 40% of the world’s least peaceful nations
  • The top 5 risers on the Index are: Georgia, Chad, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand
  • The top 5 fallers on the Index are: Libya, Bahrain, Egypt, North Korea, and Madagascar
  • Even though Oman dropped 18 spots, it’s “state of peace” is still “high” (second only to the level of “very high”) (out of 5 levels ranging from “very high state of peace” to “very low state of peace”) 

GPI is the first index that has been created that ranks the counties of the
world by their peacefulness and identifies the drivers of peace. Now in its
5th year, GPI is a project of the Institute for Economics and Peace
and is compiled in conjunction with the Economist Intelligence Unit and
the guidance of an international team of academics and security experts.  The 23 indicators or measures that determine a country’s ranking are:

  1. Access to Weapons
  2. Armed Services Personnel
  3. Deaths from Conflicts (External)
  4. Deaths from Conflicts (Internal)
  5. Disrespect for Human Rights
  6. Jailed Population
  7. Level of Violent Crime
  8. Military Capability
  9. Military Expenditure
  10. Neighboring Country Relations
  11. Number of Conflicts Fought
  12. Number of Displaced People
  13. Number of Heavy Weapons
  14. Number of Homicides
  15. Organized Conflict
  16. Perceived Criminality in Society
  17. Political Instability
  18. Potential for Terrorist Attacks
  19. Security Officers and Police
  20. UN Peacekeeping Funding
  21. Violent Demonstrations
  22. Weapons Exports
  23. Weapons Imports

“The threat of terrorist attacks and the likelihood of violent demonstrations were the two leading factors making the world less peaceful in 2011.”

“The fall in this year’s index is stongly tied to conflict between citizens and their governments; nations need to look to new ways of creating stability other than through military force,” said Steven Killelea, founder and Executive Chairman of the IEP“Despite a decade-long war on terrorism, the potential for terrorist attacks has increased this year offsetting small gains made in previous years.”

Killelea continued: “Our research identifies 8 social attitudes and structures required to create peaceful, resilient and socially sustainable societies. These 8 structures are: Well-functioning government, sound business environment, equitable distribution of resources, acceptance of the rights of others, good relations with neighbors, free flow of information, high levels of education and low levels of corruption.”

Go here for the full report!  To see how Oman scored, point by point, go here.  To see the impressive video which shows the major results, click here!

A big thank you to Rima Sacre of Hill & Knowlton for providing me with this information through personal email!  🙂

Speaking of peace, I’ll leave you with these 5 videos.  Peace out!  🙂

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